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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余致力、陳立剛,1997,「理性預算的運用與限制」,中國行政評論,6(4)4 :69-86。
  2. 吳重禮,2000。「美國「分立性政府」研究文獻之評析:兼論台灣地區政治的發展」,問題與研究,39(3):75-93。
  3. 吳重禮、楊樹源,2001。「台灣地區縣市層級「分立性政府」與「一致性政府」之比較:以新竹縣市與嘉義縣市為例」,人文及社會科學集刊,13(3):251-304。
  4. 黃世鑫,1990 。民主政治與國家預算,台北:聯經出版公司。
  5. Bozeman B.& Straussman J.D.,1982. “Shirnking Budgets and the Shrinkage of Budget Theory,” Public Administration Review(Nov./Dec.),pp.509-515.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡芳(2015)。台灣地方政府支出之研究:民國88年度至102年度。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-123。 
  2. 劉秀秀(2015)。臺灣中央政府總預算審議之影響因素:民國70年至102年度。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  3. 藍夏瑩(2012)。臺灣軍公教優惠存款制度之政治經濟分析1958~2011。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-110。
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