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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宗展、史天元(2004)〈由自由軟體MapServer探討WebGIS 建置〉,《地籍測量》,第二十三卷第四期,43-79頁。
  2. 鄒亞崙(2004)《協作共享,共同構建地理信息服務平台》,國立成功大學測量及空間資訊學系碩士論文。
  3. Agarwal, P.(2005)”Ontological considerations in GIScience”, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 19(5):501-536
  4. Berners-Lee, T. and Fischetti, M.(1999)”Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web’, San Francisco, Harper Business, 1st edition.
  5. Bishr, Y.(1998)”Overcoming the semantic and other barriers to GIS interoperability”, International Journal of Geographic Information Science, 12(4):299-314.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃楷齡(2012)。結合知識與服務架構之統計地圖製作研究。成功大學測量及空間資訊學系學位論文。2012。1-181。 
  2. 蔡依婷(2017)。以知識本體探討異質空間地理資料語意整合。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-53。 
  3. 洪嘉澤(2014)。以知識本體技術與探勘方法探討台北都會區道路工程與管理系統之研究。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-233。
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