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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 官德城(2004)《台灣地區陸上砂石資源分佈特性與開發策略之研究》。國立臺北科技大學材料及資源工程所碩士論文。
  2. 東海大學東亞社會經濟研究中心(1997)《地方社會》。臺北:聯經。
  3. Blaikie,P., & Brookfield, H. (1987) Land Degradation and Society. London: Methuen.
  4. Burawoy, M. (1991). Extended Case Method, in Burawoy, M. (Ed.), Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. (pp. 271-290). Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press.
  5. Castells, M., & Portes, A. (1989). World Underneath: The Origins, Dynamics, and Effects of the Informal Economy, in Portes, A., Castells, M., & Benton, L. A. (Eds.) , The informal economy :Studies in Advanced And Less Developed Countries (pp. 11-37). Baltimore, Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玲安(2014)。砂石業者經營策略精進方案之探討。義守大學財務金融學系學位論文。2014。1-53。 
  2. 林呂治(2013)。臺籍資本砂石權宜船直航政策分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-193。 
  3. 徐旭誠(2012)。保護區的跨界利益:臺灣設立國家公園的政治生態學與權益關係人分析。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-156。 
  4. 鄧禮鏹(2014)。台灣中部濁水溪流域疏濬管理之案例研究。朝陽科技大學營建工程系學位論文。2014。1-177。
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