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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江大樹,2006,《邁向地方治理─議題、理論與實務》,台北:元照出版有限公司。
  2. 呂育誠,2006,《地方政府管理─結構與功能的分析》,台北:元照出版有限公司。
  3. 徐吉志、周蕙蘋,2006,都市治理之基本意涵與發展─治理網絡的觀點,收錄於紀俊臣編著,2006,《都市及區域治理》,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  4. 出版社。譯自Richard C. Box. Citizen Governance:Leading American Communities into the 21st Century. Sage Publications, Inc.1998。
  5. 自B. Guy Peters. The Future of Governing: Four Emerging Models. University
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳品榕(2013)。論公私協力履行社會福利任務─兼論國家擔保責任之理論與實踐。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-210。 
  2. 鄭筑羚(2009)。當國家遇見市場:以公部門的勞動派遣為例。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-101。
  3. 曾淑芬(2011)。社會福利服務產業競爭策略之研究-以台中市輔具資源中心為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-137。
  4. 蔡淑婉(2015)。臺北市社會福利公設民營委託服務之政經分析,1983-2014。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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