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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 228 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ■ 江明修(2003)志工管理,台北,智勝。
  2. ■ 吳瓊恩(1996)行政學,臺北:三民書局。
  3. ■ 李淑珺譯(2000)志工實務手冊,台北:張老師文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. ■ 周欣宜(2007)農村社區生活支援中心志工團隊運作之研究—以一個基層農會為例,國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院農業推廣學研究所碩士論文。
  5. ■ 林達瑤(2006)國家森林解說志工參與解說服務動機與工作滿意度之研究-以新竹林區管理處為例,國立嘉義大學碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃聖祐(2005)。陽明山國家公園解說志工自評帶隊解說表現之探討。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2005。1-112。 
  2. 劉敏慧(2009)。自然公園志工環境識覺之研究-以關渡自然公園為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-101。
  3. 洪銘陽(2011)。流水學習法融入環境解說教案設計以陽明山國家公園步道解說為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-131。
  4. 魏竹秀(2012)。初探陽明山國家公園環境教育發展及環境教育設施場所建構歷程。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-162。
  5. 劉冠翔(2016)。志工之人力資源管理-以臺大實驗林為例。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-109。
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