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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王媛慧、李文福,2006。「我國大學院校技術效率之研究-資料包絡分析法的應用」,『輔仁管理評論』。13卷,1期,163-185。
  2. 孔維新、傅祖壇,2008。「以學生為本位之大學商學院之表現評估-保證區域資料包絡分析法之應用」,『經濟論文叢刊』。36卷,4期,483-514。
  3. 李孟訓,2007。「提昇台灣農業生物科技產業競爭優勢關鍵成功因素及其策略之研究」,『農業經濟半年刊』。82期,107-156。
  4. 汪漢英、黃文聰、黃開義、畢威寧,2007。「應用資料包絡分析法之大學學系績效評估實證研究」,『人文暨社會科學期刊』。3卷,2期,55-66。
  5. 林容萱,2003。「台灣地區科技大學效率性之分析:資料包絡分析法的應用」,『國民教育研究集刊』。9卷,179-205。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐 葳(2012)。結合專家意見之台灣技職商學院績效評估-模糊層級與資料包絡分析法之應用。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-109。 
  2. 劉芯華(2012)。產品功能導向之綠色設計評估與綠色製造分析。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-259。
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