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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁誌魰、鄭韶華、李佳玲,2009。「養殖業者轉型觀光休閒漁業行為意象之研究」,『休閒產業管理學刊』。第2卷第2期,頁1-21。
  2. 孔憲法、閻永祺、吳牧學,2008。「台灣文化產業關聯效果分析」,『都市與計畫』。第35卷第3期,頁177-204。
  3. 王健雄、林銘振、張美淑,1989。「屏東縣海洋漁業與產業關聯分析」,『臺灣水產學會刊』。第16卷第2期,頁119-144。
  4. 王塗發,1990。「台灣運輸與通訊建設之經濟效果分析」,『經濟研究』。第30期,頁79-125。
  5. 行政院農業委員會,2007。發展休閒農業,營造魅力農村,行政院農業委員會。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪庭雯(2015)。台灣農耕業部門之投入產出分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-115。 
  2. 吳筱玟(2014)。台灣畜牧業投入產出分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-87。 
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