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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王予盛(2010),「外人直接投資與政治風險之關係-跨國追蹤資料分析」,碩士論文,成功大學政治經濟學研究所DOI: 10.6844/NCKU.2010.00182。
  2. 吳佳芸(2012),「民主化程度、自然資源與外人直接投資流入:跨國追蹤資料分析」,碩士論文,中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所
  3. 杜巧霞、梁逸韵(2010),「全球區域貿易協定對台灣產業之影響」,貿易政策論叢(14)。
  4. 林少龍(1998),由供給面分析外人來台直接投資的決定因素頁。亞太管理評論,3卷1期,頁59–72。
  5. 邱如伶(2008),「實質匯率,外人直接投資與中國對外貿易關係之研究」,博士論文,政治大學國際經營與貿易研究所。
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