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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 莊雅婷(2001)。虛擬社群之經營。台灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
    2. 董時叡(1998)。網路虛擬社區在永續鄉村發展中的角色與衝擊。農業推廣學報,14期,15-34頁。
    3. 鄭天爵(1998)。台灣網際網路電子佈告欄系統(BBS)的發展與使用特徵之研究─以宜蘭農工專科學校BBS站為例。宜蘭技術學報,1期,159-172頁。
    4. Althaus, S. L. (1997). Computer-Mediated Communication in the University Classroom: An Experiment with On-Line Discussions. Communication Education, 46, 158-174.
    5. Aitken, J.E. (2002). Using Electronic Discussion to Teach Communication Courses. Communication Education, 51(3), 325-331.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蘇冠銘(2005)。穿越界限:「賽博歐格大學」初探。臺灣大學農業推廣學研究所學位論文。2005。1-154。 
    2. 江佳穎(2009)。學習風格於混成式課程中對於分組討論之個案研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-107。
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