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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余進發(1996)。〈臺灣地區群眾事件的探討與防處之道〉,《復興崗學報》,(57) :141–166。
  2. 吳宜蓁(2000)。〈危機溝通策略與媒體效能之模式建構-關於腸病毒風暴的個案研究〉,《新聞學研究》,( 62):1–34。
  3. 林鶴玲、鄭陸霖(2001)。〈臺灣社會運動網路經驗:一個探索性的分析〉,《臺灣社會學刊》,(25):111-156。
  4. 林宗弘(2012)。〈災後重建的政治:以中國512地震與臺灣921地震為案例的分析〉,《臺灣社會學刊》(50):57-110。
  5. 張世雄(2013)。〈大社會和大政府的福利爭論 —道德煙火秀、財政煙霧彈和英國 柴契爾主義的遺緒〉,《台灣社區工作與社會研究學刊》3(1):127-136。
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