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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。
    2. 沈志仁、張素凰(1993)精神分裂病患者主要照顧家屬的需要及其
    3. 林美珠(1995)家屬團體模式及臨床運用。中華團體心理治療,1,
    4. 驗與適應歷程。國立台灣大學社會學研究所應用社會學組碩士論
    5. 高玉貞(2005)精神分裂症患者其青少年手足之生活經驗。私立高
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何偉聖(2014)。嚴重慢性精神障礙者其手足照顧經驗之探究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-119。 
    2. 林筠(2017)。另一個孩子:心智障礙者手足之親子關係。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-102。 
    3. 許馨云(2011)。憂鬱症患者其青少年手足的生活經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-121。 
    4. 王芬蘭(2009)。精神分裂症病友家屬參與醫療決策之初探。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2009。1-129。 
    5. 張正瑋(2013)。互為照顧者:老化中的父母與精神障礙子女。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2013。1-107。
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