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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭生玉(1996),心理與教育測驗,台北:精華書局。
  2. 黃欽河(2001),「創業團隊領導者的技術能耐與新產品開發行為關係之研究-以龍園創新育中心為例」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 錢money理財研究室(1994),創業規劃-當老闆的先修課,台北:金錢文化企業股份有限公司。
  4. Auster, C. J., and Auster, D.(1981). Factors influencing women’s choices of nontraditional careers. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 29(3), 253-263.
  5. Baum, J. R., Locke, E. A., and Smith, K. G.(2001). A multidimensional model of venture growth. Academy of Management Journal, 44(2), 292-303.
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗玉(2009)。女性企業家的人格特質、創業動機與創業績效間關係之探討。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-89。 
  2. 林泰山(2011)。文化創意產業創業家關鍵特質之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-72。 
  3. 林培鈞(2008)。專業能力、創業行為與創業成功關係之研究 以高雄市地區外帶式飲料店創業者為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-89。 
  4. 黃柏彰(2018)。大學創業教育成效之研究-以臺灣大學創意創業學程學生為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2018。1-106。 
  5. 戴士嫻(2006)。創業家個人特質與社會網絡關連之探討。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2006。1-116。 
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