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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(1998)•國民營養現況 1993-1996 國民營養健康狀況變遷調查結果•台北:行政院衛生署。
  2. 行政院衛生署(2005).健康體位.行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  3. 行政院衛生署(2006).孕婦手冊.行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 周輝政、徐紫娟、李昭暉、高美玲(2008).孕前體重與週產期健康.護理雜誌,55(6),11-16。
  5. 徐禎美(2003).第三孕期婦女的壓力、社會支持與憂鬱.未發表碩士論文,高雄醫學大學護理學研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖欣瑩(2012)。以飲食頻率問卷評估婦女孕前至產後飲食型態對其體重變化與懷孕結果之影響。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2012。1-300。
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