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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丘昌泰,2003,〈重組大縣市,擘劃新臺灣〉,國立台北大學民意與選舉研究中心時事評論。
    2. 朱武獻,2006,〈政府改造之現況與展望〉,《日新警察半月刊》第6期。
    3. 李昌麟,2004,〈全球政府組織與改造之研究〉,《全球政治評論刊》第8期。
    4. 林逢慶,2004,〈電子化政府與政府改造〉,《研考雙月刊》第28卷第2期,頁44-54。
    5. 孫同文,2002,〈公共行政理論與實務的發展-一個全球化的觀點〉,收 於銓敘部編《行政管理論文選輯》第16輯。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉鑌潁(2014)。論我國消費者保護行政組織之改革與建議 -以台日消費者保護行政組織為比較-。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-251。 
    2. 江明潔(2016)。中央體育行政機關組織變革之研究:歷史制度論觀點。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-314。 
    3. 范美英(2008)。行政組織改造之研究-以財政部國稅行政組織為範圍。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-240。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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