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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江尻行男、莊秀美(2007),日本的企業與照顧服務產業企業的發展動向與經營策略分析。管理學報,第24卷,第6期,頁637-655。
  2. 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋(2001),在地老化:台灣二十一世紀長期照護的政策方向。台灣公共衛生雜誌,第20卷第3期,頁192-201。
  3. 杜功仁(2002),臺灣住宅整建需求之特性。建築學報,第39期,頁87-99。
  4. 林益厚(1999),當前住宅問題與政策。住宅學報,第8期,頁91-96。
  5. 林茂榮、黃慧芬(2008),老人跌倒之預防介入策略。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,第27卷第6期,頁447-462。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳彥霖(2015)。臺灣都會區高齡者與青年自造者的共生住宅研究設計。淡江大學建築學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-119。 
  2. 巫秉儒(2013)。就在宅老化需求探討居住空間之建築改造-以鄉村地區住宅標準建築圖樣為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-173。 
  3. 曾奕為(2012)。企業網路銀行導入之研究-以A、B個案學校為例。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-71。
  4. 游惠敏(2014)。延緩下肢行動力退化之高齡者居住空間研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-143。
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