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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖婉鈞,林月雲,虞邦祥(2009)。知覺組織利害關係人重要程度與組織績效之關係:企業責任作為之中介效果。管理學報,26(2),213-232。
  2. 林怡彣(2008)。審計人員個人價值觀、道德意識與道德信念關聯性之研究。未出版碩士論文,淡江大學會計學研究所。
  3. 林怡秀(2009)。中華職棒大聯盟行銷策略知覺重要性之研究-行銷人員與現場觀眾之比較。臺大體育學報,14 ,47-64。
  4. 劉美鳳(2007)。探討社會期許對自陳式人格量表效度之影響。未出版碩士論文,中原大學心理學研究所。
  5. 呂錦隆,周宏彥(2009)。城際客運旅客對網路訂購票網站內容知覺重要性之研究。立德學報,6(2),43-64。
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