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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] ACI-ASCE Committee 352 (2002), Recommendations for Design of Beam-Column Connections in Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Structures. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills.
  2. [3] American Concrete Institute (2014). Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-14) and Commentary (318R-14), Farmington Hills, MI.
  3. [5] Architectural Institute of Japan (1988). Design Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Reinforced Concrete Buildings based on Ultimate Strength Concept (draft) and Commentary. Architectural Institute of Japan.
  4. [6] Architectural Institute of Japan (1990). Design Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Reinforced Concrete Buildings Based on Ultimate Strength Concept and Commentary. 340 pp.
  5. [7] Bakir, P.G. & Boduroğlu, H.M. (2002). A New Design Equation for Predicting the Joint Shear Strength of Monotonically Loaded Exterior Beam-Column Joints. Engineering Structures, V. 24, pp. 1105-1117.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張凱越(2017)。高強度鋼纖維混凝土外部梁柱接頭剪力強度與反復側推行為研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-223。 
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