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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱芳妮、張金鶚、陳淑美(2008)。已購屋者及購屋搜尋者之購屋需求決策比較分析-兼論顯示性偏好及敘述性偏好之差異。都市與計劃,第三十五卷,第四期,339-359。
  2. 吳金益(2014)。新竹米粉產業的創新研究。國立交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程碩士論文。
  3. 李佩倢(2016)。台灣六都消費者對營養補充劑飲品的消費行為與願付價格之研究。國立臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 李佩隃(2011)。潛在類別分析與二階段群集分析分群效果之比較研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 李柏憲(2011)。大台北地區消費者對台灣珍豬品牌豬肉之認知與購買意願。國立台灣大學農業經濟研究所碩士論文。
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