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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭耀綸、李彥屏 2003 台灣南部南仁山迎風與背風分布樹種葉片耐脫水能力及比葉重的比較。臺灣林業科學84(4):283-292。
  2. 許皓捷、李培芬 2003 群聚變異梯度長度對排序結果的影響 台灣林業科學18(3):201-11。
  3. 許俊凱 1995 臺灣闊葉樹林取樣最小面積之探討 國立中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文。113pp.
  4. 蘇鴻傑 2003 植群之多樣性及多樣化之分類法 台灣植群多樣性研討會論文集 pp.2-16。
  5. Adams, J. M. 1999. A suggestion for an improved vegetation scheme for local
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施佑龍(2010)。利用指標植物進行阿里山公路地表變動之分析。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2010。1-96。 
  2. 黃英(2011)。臺灣北部直潭山植群之分析。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2011。1-93。 
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