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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李鴻禧(1995),<<憲法與人權>>,八版,作者自刊。
    2. LAWRENCE M. FRIEDMAN著,楊佳陵譯(2004),<<美國法導論>>,商周出版。
    3. ______(2003),<司法違憲審查的正當性爭議—理論基礎與方法論的初步檢討>,台大法學論叢第32卷第6期,頁103-150。
    4. ______(2004),<憲法權利限制的司法審查標準:美國類型化多元標準模式的比較分析>,台大法學論叢第33卷第3期,頁45-148。
    5. 張文貞(2003),<中斷的憲法對話:憲法解釋在憲法變遷脈絡的地位>,台大法學論叢第32卷第6期,頁61-102。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林煜騰(2014)。論公民與政治權利國際公約下仇恨性言論之管制 -以跨國網路為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-231。 
    2. 曾至楷(2013)。仇恨性言論的容忍與禁止-比較法的觀察。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-247。 
    3. 翁乙仙(2012)。從憲法言論自由之保障論仇恨性言論之管制。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。 
    4. 張玉薇(2011)。競選過程中的言論自由—我國負面競選之規制與改進對策。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-206。 
    5. 田仁杰(2007)。歧視「外籍新娘」和「大陸新娘」言論之管制倡議-從批判種族理論觀點出發。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2007。1-251。 
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