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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Ang, B.W., Decomposition of Industrial Energy Consumption-The energy intensity approach, Energy Economics, 16(3), pp.163-174, 1994.
  2. 2.Ang, B.W. and LEE, S.Y., Decomposition of Industrial Energy Consumption-Some methodological and application issues, Energy Economics, 16(2), pp.83-92, 1994.
  3. 3.Ang, B.W. and Pandiyan, G., Decomposition of Energy-Induced CO2 Emissions in Manufacturing, Energy Economics, 19(3), pp.363-374, 1994.
  4. 4.Ang, B.W. and Choi, Ki-Hong, Decomposition of Aggregate Energy and Gas Emission Intensities for Industry: A Refined Divisia Index Method, The Energy Journal, 18(3), pp.489-495, 1997.
  5. 5.Ang, B.W. , Zhang, F.G. and Choi, Ki-Hong, Factorizing Changes in Energy and Environmental Indicators Through Decomposition, Energy Vol. 23, No. 6, pp.489-495, 1998.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡哲慧(2009)。地表參數化對中尺度氣象模擬及空氣品質模擬的影響。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系博士班學位論文。2009。1-148。 
  2. 郭婷婷(2011)。臺灣地區各縣市碳平衡之初探。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2011。1-115。 
  3. 戴誥芬(2010)。都市土地使用與二氧化碳濃度影響之關聯研究。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2010。1-106。 
  4. 翁林欣慧(2007)。節能技術發展對二氧化碳排放減量之評估。成功大學資源工程學系學位論文。2007。1-93。
  5. 賴雅雯(2010)。我國公路運輸系統能源供給基礎建設 與能源消費、二氧化碳減量成效關聯分析。臺北大學自然資訊與環境管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-184。
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