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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Forrest W. Young (1987), Multidimensional Scaling: History, Theory, and Applications, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  2. 2.Gideon Keren, Charles Lewis. (1993), A Handbook for Data Analysis in the Behavioral Sciences Methodological Issues, Hillsdale, N.J. : L. Erlbaum Associates.
  3. 3.Ingwer Borg, Patrick Groenen. (1997), Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.
  4. 4.J. L. Gattis, Austin Watts (1999), “Urban Street Speed Related to Width and Functional Class”, Jorunal of Transortation Engineering Vol. 125, No. 3. May/June 1999.
  5. 5.Paul E. Green, Frand J. Carmone, Jr., Scott M. Smith (1989), Multidimensional Scaling: Concepts and Applications, Allyn and Bacon.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳偉民(2010)。閃光號誌路口之駕駛行為風險分析。成功大學交通管理科學系學位論文。2010。1-88。 
  2. 陳聖霖(2010)。中央分隔帶缺口封閉對用路人之影響。交通大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。2010。1-53。 
  3. 陳雅琳(2017)。高雄輕軌沿線交叉口安全評估之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-82。 
  4. 林楷閔(2009)。市區道路非重現性事件判定指標之建立。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-117。 
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