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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙哲毅 (2003) 苦瓜活化過氧化體增殖劑活化受器及改變脂質代謝相關基因之表現。台大微生物與生化學研究所博士論文。
  2. 莊佳穎 (2004) 山苦瓜活化過氧化體增值活化受器 PPARs 之成分分離與鑑定。台大微生物與生化學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Ahmed, I., Lakhani, M.S., Gillett, M., John, A. and Raza, H. (2001) Hypotriglyceridemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of anti-diabetic Momoridica charantia (karela) fruit extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 51:155-61.
  4. Ali, L., Khan, A. K., Mamun, M. I., Mosihuzzaman, M., Nahar, N., Nur-e-Alam, M. and Rokeya, B. (1992) Studies on hypoglycemic effects of fruit pulp, seed, and whole plant of Momordica charantia on normal and diabetic model rats. Planta Med. 59(5):408-12.
  5. Anila, L. and Vijayalakshmi, N. R. (2000) Beneficial effects of flavonoids from Sesamum indicum, Emblica officinalis and Momordica charantia. Phytother Res. 14(8):592-5.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖思齊(2017)。山苦瓜作為雌激素相關受體α調節劑調控小鼠骨骼肌粒線體之活性。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2017。1-143。 
  2. 鄒尚瑀(2016)。長期餵食山苦瓜對高脂飲食誘導肥胖小鼠代謝異常及白色脂肪組織褐化相關基因表現之效應。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2016。1-103。 
  3. 董又慈(2016)。山苦瓜改善高脂飲食誘發小鼠代謝異常、脂肪肝與肝相關基因 mRNA 表現。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2016。1-101。 
  4. 徐瑨(2011)。自山苦瓜單離植物雌激素及其化學鑑定與生物活性探討。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2011。1-181。 
  5. 李佳靜(2010)。加熱處理與介質研磨對山苦瓜抗氧化能力與降血糖功效之影響。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2010。1-94。 
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