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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂玉瑕、伊慶春 (2005). "社會變遷中的夫妻資源與家務分工:台灣七○年代與九○年代社會文化脈絡的比較." 台灣社會學 第十期: 41-94.
  2. 陳玉華、伊慶春、呂玉瑕. (2000). "婦女家庭地位之研究:以家庭決策模式為例." 台灣社會學刊 二十四期: 1-57.
  3. 蔡明璋 (2004). "台灣夫妻的家務工作時間:親密關係的影響." 台灣社會學 第八期: 99-131.
  4. 蔡采秀 (1988). 影響台灣地區家庭親屬網絡因素的分析. 社會學研究所. 台中, 東海大學. 碩士論文: 135.
  5. 蔡淑鈴 (1994). "台灣之婚姻配對模式." 人文及社會科學集刊 6(2): 335-371.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃貞芳(2011)。台北市高齡學習者代間支持與其生活滿意度關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2011。1-194。
  2. 王惠芝(2011)。成年子女生命事件對代間關係之影響。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2011。1-115。
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