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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Flament, I. 2002. Coffee Flavor Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  2. Akiyama, M., Murakami, K., Ohtani, N., Iwatsuki, K., Sotoyama, K., Wada, A., Tokuno, K., Iwabuchi, H., and Tanaka, K. 2003. Analysis of volatile compounds released during the grinding of roasted coffee beans using solid-phase microextraction. J. Agric. Food Chem. 51:1967-1969.
  3. Bicchi, C. P., Panero, O. M., Pellegrino, G. M., and Vanni, A. C. 1997. Characterization of roasted coffee and coffee beverages by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography and principal component analysis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 45:4680-4686.
  4. Buffo, R. A., and Cardellli-Freire, C. 2004. Coffee flavour: an overview. Flavour Fragr. J. 19:99-104.
  5. Czerny, M., Wagner, R., and Grosch, W. 1996. Detection of odor-active ethenylalkylpyrazines in roasted coffee. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:3268-3272.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卓弘為(2014)。應用模糊多準則決策驗證咖啡豆最佳烘焙程度。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。 
  2. 劉宜婷(2014)。不同焙度的咖啡對於受到皮質固酮誘導損傷的細胞可能具有神經保護及改善神經可塑性之功效。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2014。1-125。 
  3. 廖婉甄(2014)。影響咖啡豆進口數量之因素探討-以美國與台灣為例。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2014。1-70。
  4. 江孟霓(2017)。以咖啡渣提高白樺茸生物活性成分含量之研究。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2017。1-83。
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