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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. Vasudev. S. K.; Goel, B. R.; Tyagi, S., Root End Filling Materials − A Review. Endodontology 2003, 15, 12-18.
  2. 4. Lee. S.-J.; Monsef, M.; Torabinejad, M., Sealing Ability of a Mineral Trioxide Aggregate for Repair of Lateral Root Perforations. Journal of Endodontics 1993, 19(11), 541-544.
  3. 5. Lee, Y.-L.; Lee, B.-S.; Lin, F.-H.; Lin, A.-Y.; Lan, W.-H.; Lin, C.-P., Effects of Physiological Environments on the Hydration Behavior of Mineral Trioxide Aggregation. Biomaterials 2004, 25, 787-793.
  4. 6. Wucherpfennig, A. L.; Green, D. B., Mineral Trioxide vs. Portland Cement: Two Biocompatible Filling Materials [Abstract PR40]. Journal of Endodontics 1999, 25 (4), 308.
  5. 8. Menezes, R.; Bramante, C. M.; Letra, A.; Garvalho, V. G. G.; Garcia, R. B., Histologic Evaluation of Pulpotomies in Dog Using Two Types of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Regular and White Portland Cements as Wound Dressings. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 2004, 98, 376-379.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪秉琁(2012)。溶膠-凝膠鈣矽酸鹽之表面生物活性與生物相容性之探討。臺灣大學臨床牙醫學研究所學位論文。2012。1-89。 
  2. 王偉全(2011)。研發新型溶膠-凝膠三鈣矽酸鹽於牙髓病治療之應用。臺灣大學臨床牙醫學研究所學位論文。2011。1-101。 
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