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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張力可(2000)全球化/在地化的辯證-九0年代台灣棒球場域的認同動態。台灣社會研究季刊38:245~288。
  2. Andrews, David (1996) The Fact(s) of Michael Jordan's Blackness: Excavating a Floating Racial Signifier. Sociology of Sport Journal 3(2):125~158.
  3. Andrews, David (1996) Deconstructing Michael Jordan: Reconstructing Postindustrial America. Sociology of Sport Journal 3(4):315~318.
  4. Andrews, David (1996) Jordanscapes: A Preliminary Analysis of the Global Popular. Sociology of Sport Journal 3(4):428~457.
  5. Arbena, Joseph (1993) Sport and Nationalism in Latin America 1880~1970:The Paradox of Promoting European Sports. History of European Ideals 16(4~6):837~844.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許純鳳(2011)。次帝國:日本職棒在台灣的發展與限制。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-164。 
  2. 陳文祥(2010)。王建民的形象再現暨論述分析,自由時報及蘋果日報2006-2007年為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-167。 
  3. 郭裕芯(2011)。台灣大學夜市雙語菜單之研究。元智大學應用外語學系學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  4. 徐嘉宏(2012)。臺灣旅外職棒球員體育報導之內容分析研究 – 以蘋果日報、自由時報、中國時報與聯合報為研究對象。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2012。1-94。 
  5. 楊道昀(2010)。菁英旅美,莫能禦也?台灣棒球菁英外流的國際政治經濟學分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-168。 
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