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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 96年農業統計年報. 2008. 行政院農業委員會. 臺北市.
  2. 12. 徐珂. 1965. 清稗類鈔選錄. 臺灣銀行經濟研究室. 臺北.
  3. 15. 陳信君. 2006. 番石榴揮發性香氣化合物分析之研究. 國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所博士論文.
  4. 18. 謝鴻業、黃和炎、鄭安秀. 2001. 番石榴栽培管理. 臺南區農業改良場編印. 臺南.
  5. 19. Alcocer, F., D. Whitley, J. F. Salazar-Gonzalez, W. D. Jordan, M. T. Sellers, D. E. Eckhoff, K. Suzuki, C. MacRae, and K. I. Bland. 2002. Quercetin inhibits human vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. Surgery 131: 198-204.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王于姍(2013)。溫度對香椿葉片中酚類物質含量之影響。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2013。1-74。 
  2. 吳崇立(2017)。探討添加不同比例大豆油調和之芝麻油油脂特性。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2017。1-63。
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