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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 人民網(2015)〈健腦抗炎 腐竹不爲人知養生功效〉,《人民網-食品頻道》, (取用日期:2018.11.14)。
  2. 中原文化產業研究中心(2017)〈河街腐竹傳統手工製作技藝〉,《河南省非物質文化遺產研究基地-許昌職業技術學院》, (取用日期:2019.01.26)。
  3. 中國廣播網(2013)〈許昌腐竹〉,《央廣網》, (取用日期:2019.01.02)。
  4. 中華人民共和國國家質量監督檢驗檢疫總局、中國國家標準化管理委員會(2009) 〈中華人民共和國國家標準 GB/T 23494-2009 豆腐乾 Dried Bean Curd〉,《中國國家標準化管理委員會》, (取用日期:2019.01.02)。
  5. 文化莞家(2018a)〈6個全國首創,2017年東莞非遺創新發展成績單你滿意嗎〉,《文化莞家微信公衆號平台》, (取用日期2018.11.22)。
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