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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王兆鵬,《刑事被告的憲法權利》,1999年3月。
    2. 王兆鵬,《新刑訴•新思維》,2004年10月。
    3. 李昌珂 譯,《德國刑事訴訟法典》,1995年4月。
    4. 林鈺雄,《檢察官論》,1999年。
    5. 林鈺雄,《刑事訴訟法 上下冊》,2004年9月。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李佳叡(2013)。論營救式刑求之法律適用—以德國刑事法暨歐洲人權法為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-353。 
    2. 於盼盼(2012)。私人不法取證之證據使用禁止。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2012。1-178。 
    3. 徐蘭萍(2010)。另案監聽所得證據之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-142。 
    4. 郭靜儒(2011)。電話監聽中偶然發現之證據使用禁止 —以德國刑事訴訟法為中心。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-133。
    5. 任君逸(2011)。緊急型強制處分之有效控制-以遲延危險為中心。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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