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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 顧記華、沈麗娟、陳基旺、何蘊芳、林慧玲. 臺灣六年制藥學教育的創建. 台灣醫學. 2016;20(1):27-32.
  2. 3. 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會. 醫院評鑑基準及評量項目-急性一般病床100床以上. Available at: Accessed 3/16, 2017.
  3. 4. 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會. 醫院評鑑基準及評量項目-急性一般病床99床以下. Available at: Accessed 3/16, 2017.
  4. 7. 林慧玲、許光陽、闕壯卿、李安榮、簡伯武、高雅慧、蔡義弘、張建雄、魏道昌、陳基旺. 2005 年台灣藥學教育白皮書. 醫學教育. 2006;10(3):165-85.
  5. 8. Beringer P. Remington: the science and practice of pharmacy. 21 ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.
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