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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂福原、歐辰雄、呂金誠 (1999) 台灣樹木解說。行政院農委會。
  2. 郭耀綸、楊月玲、吳祥鳴 (1999) 墾丁熱帶森林六種樹苗生長性狀及光合作用對光量的可塑性。 台灣林業科學 14(3):255-273。
  3. 郭耀綸、楊月玲、鄭鈞謄、傅瑩娟 (2003) 三種台灣特有種樹苗在不同光環境下的淨光合作用季節變化。台灣林業科學 18(2):107-116。
  4. Adamson, H., R. Hiller, and J. Walmsley (1997) Protochlorophyllide reduction and greening in angiosperms: an evolutionary perspective. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 41:201-221.
  5. Anten, N.P.R., and T. Hirose (2001) Limitations on photosynthesis of competing individual, in stands and the consequences for canopy structure. Oecologia. 129:186-196.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李安翔(2010)。三種闊葉樹種苗木在不同光環境之形態及生理調適。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2010。1-79。 
  2. 黃盈屏(2006)。應用cDNA-AFLP方法探討樟樹苗木在不同光量下基因的表現與苗木形態及生理作用的關係。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2006。1-54。 
  3. 郭欣儀(2015)。七種林木在不同季節達最大光合作用率時的葉位 及葉齡。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-41。 
  4. 曾繁絢(2013)。柳杉人工林林下三種闊葉稚樹生長及光合作用對小區塊疏伐的反應。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2013。1-54。 
  5. 顏君靜(2013)。不同耐陰性樹種葉片達最大光合潛力葉序之比較。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2013。1-62。 
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