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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abdullah AS, Tomlinson B, Cockram CS, Thomas GN, Lessons from the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2003 Sep; 9(9):1042-5.
  2. Bell D, Jenkins P, Hall J, World Health Organization global conference on severe acute respiratory syndrome. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2003 Sep; 9(9):1191-2.
  3. Bowles N, The Delphi technique. Nursing Standard, 1999 Jul 28-Aug, 3:13(45):32-6.
  4. Breiman RF, Evans MR, Preiser W, Maguire J, Schnur A, Li A, Bekedam H, MacKenzie JS, Role of China in the quest to define and control severe acute respiratory syndrome. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2003 Sep; 9(9):1037-41.
  5. Chang HJ, Huang N, Lee CH, Hsu YJ, Hsieh CJ, Chou YJ, The impact of the SARS epidemic on the utilization of medical services: SARS and the fear of SARS. American Journal of Public Health 2004 Apr; 94(4):562-4.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡翔傑(2008)。醫療資源優先配置決策程序之評估-以全民健保醫療給付協議會議為例。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2008。1-150。
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