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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔有芸、傅玲、尹祚芊(2003),「國內外護理組織架構與照護服務系統再造策略之比較」, 護理雜誌,50(2):24-29。
  2. 邱照華(2005),「省思護理的忙與盲」,慈濟護理雜誌,4(4): 130-130。
  3. 吳淑蓉、王秀紅(2005),「護理人員情緒勞務及其相關因素探討」,實證護理,1(4) :243-252。
  4. 陸洛、李惠美、謝天渝(2005),「牙醫師職業壓力與身心健康及職業倦怠之關係:以高雄市牙醫師為例」。應用心理研究,27:59-80。
  5. 梁靜祝(1987),「評某教學醫院護理人員工作壓力之探討」,護理薪傳,2(2):137。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 安妮(2009)。臨床護理人員自覺賦權與工作疲潰之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2009。1-114。 
  2. 龔士傑(2010)。工作壓力所衍生的疲勞倦怠對健康影響的研究 -以南部業務員為例-。長榮大學職業安全與衛生學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-89。 
  3. 林郁雯(2012)。臺灣護理人員精神疾病與自殺企圖之風險:回溯性研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  4. 白美娟(2012)。護理人員領導能力及相關因素之探討-以台北某醫學中心為例。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-109。 
  5. 翁瑜婷(2011)。某公立醫院員工職場疲勞評估研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-89。 
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