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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李芝蘭(2008)國小教師教科書選用行為之研究:消費者行為理論之應用,逢甲大
  2. 周佩儀(2002)國小教師解讀教科書的方式,國立台北師範學院學報,15,115-138。
  3. 周珮儀(2005)我國教科書研究的分析:1979-2004,課程與教學季刊,8 (4) : 91-116。
  4. 林界呈(2006)國中教師對於選用社會科教材考量因素之研究,長榮大學經營管理
  5. 都中秋(2003)進入策略與市場導向配適對市場績效影響之研究-以國中、小學教
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳智穎(2016)。高中地理教科書空間思考內涵跨國分析比較-以氣候單元為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-80。 
  2. 蘇婷玉(2015)。中學地理教科書中全球教育內涵之跨國分析比較。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-111。 
  3. 彭佳偉(Jia-Wei Peng);李明燕(Ming-Yien Lee)(2013)。海峽兩岸高中地理課程海洋教育意涵之比較:以龍騰版與人教版為例。地理研究。(58)。75-96。 
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