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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 杜佩蘭、曾榮豐、黃英忠、施瑞峰, 領導行為、組織學習與組織認同關係之研究,管理實務與理論研究,第三卷第一期,p45-p67,2009
  2. [6] 林怡伶,「專案管理平衡計分卡」,國立臺灣大學資訊管理學研究所碩士論文,2004
  3. [7] 宋禎珠,「領導者特質與情境對於領導行為的影響之研究—以高科技產業為主要研究」,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文,2006
  4. [8] 吳耀庭,「專案管理成熟度對專案經理人與專案成功關係之研究」,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,2007
  5. [11] 周大同,潘冀聯合建築師事務所主持建築師,高科技廠房晶圓廠之設計與施工經驗介紹(演講講義),2000.10
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