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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王元章與張椿柏(2011),從核心代理問題的角度探討股權結構,董事會特性對公司價值之影響,證券市場發展,第23卷第2期,頁131-174。
  2. 2.王麗惠(2006),證券市場績效對公司價值與資本結構之影響--臺灣政權論替前後期間之實證,中山管理評論,第14卷第3期,頁639-668。
  3. 3.丘垂昌與莊清騄(2010),獨立董監事、公司資訊透明度與公司價值之關聯性,中山管理評論,第18卷第4期,頁949-1008。
  4. 4.朱博湧、林裕淩與王筠傑(2015),獨立董事多樣性對於公司價值之研究,管理資訊計算,第4卷第2期,頁65-82。
  5. 6.何碧蘭、陳天志與蔡孟易(2013),匯率變動對貿易出口影響之研究--以臺灣機電類對四大國之出口值為例,桃園創新學報,第33期,頁239-258。
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