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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )
AND、OR、NOT

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters

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DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ajrouch, K. J., Antonucci, T. C., & Janevic, M. R. (2001). Social networks among blacks and whites: The interaction between race and age. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56(2), p112-118.
    連結:
  2. Antonucci, T. C., & Akiyama, H. (1987). An examination of sex differences in social support among older men and women. Sex Roles, 17(11), 737-749.
    連結:
  3. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), p1173-1182.
    連結:
  4. Beck, S. H., & Page, J. W. (1988). Involvement in activities and the psychological well-being of retired men. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 11(1), 31–47.
    連結:
  5. Bennett, K. M. (2002). Low level social engagement as a precursor of mortality among people in later life. Age Ageing, 31(3), p165-168.
    連結:
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡淑惠(2011)。未婚女性護理人員生活滿意度及相關因素探討-以南部某醫學中心護理人員為例。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  2. 吳宜宸(2010)。銀髮族的健康促進生活型態與休閒時間身體活動的關係:社會支持的角色。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-144。 
  3. 林佩儀(2009)。探討喪偶老年婦女之孤寂感及其因應歷程。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  4. 林佩儀(2009)。探討喪偶老年婦女之孤寂感及其因應歷程。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2009。1-104。
  5. 洪艾貞(2014)。銀髮族休閒時間身體活動、朋友社會支持與自覺健康狀態之關係。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-93。
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