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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 241 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (Gitlin, Todd , 1980, The Whole World is Watching : Mass Media in TheMaking &Unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley : University of California Press.)
  2. 刁民,2008,〈溫馨的樂生,不該溫馨的失敗〉。《文化研究月報》87期,12月25日(,取用日期:20150101)。
  3. 中華民國律師公會全國聯合會環境法委員會、台北律師公會環境法委員會2010,〈法律人的嚴正聲明:司法尊嚴不容行政機關踐踏〉。2月10日(,取用日期:20150513)。
  4. 台灣黃頁,不詳,〈欣陸工程顧問股份有限公司公司簡介〉。(,取用日期:20150428)。
  5. 汪芷芸,2010,《鬥陣挺樂生!?青年樂生聯盟與台灣人權促進協會團體關係之演變》。台北:台北大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
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