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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 195 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志堅 (2002) 屏東平原土地利用變遷分析與模式建立, 臺灣大學地理環境資源研究所博士論文。
  2. 毛育剛 (2002) 台灣農地保護政策之演變,土地問題研究季刊,1(4): 11-23。
  3. 毛育剛 (2006) 台灣農業發展重要轉捩點的政策含義,土地問題研究季刊,5(1): 2-13。
  4. 吳功顯 (2003) 台灣農業土地利用變遷之探討,華岡農科學報,12: 47-67。
  5. 吳惠卿、陳正輝 (2003) 集集鎮番石榴產銷班高齡農民繼續營農影響因素之研究, 農業經營管理年刊,9: 108-131。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐逸祥(2011)。光學式衛星影像雲層處理之研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
  2. 廖珊慧(2012)。宜蘭縣員山鄉農舍的分布與變遷。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2012。1-102。
  3. 陳政謙(2013)。以空間模型探討失能人口分佈情況-以雙北地區為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2013。1-65。
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