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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋文娟,2001。「一種質量並重的研究法-德菲法在醫務管理學研究領域之應用」。『醫務管理期刊』。第2卷,第2期,11-20。
  2. 李其勳,2011。「應用層級分析法於社群網站關鍵成功因素之研究—以 Facebook 網站為例」。碩士論文,中原大學資訊管理學系。
  3. 李芳甄,2002。「虛擬攝影棚在臺灣電視節目製作之發展與應用」。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系。
  4. 李青松、黃智彥、游春福,2010。「臺灣商圈經營關鍵成功要素分析研究」。『管理實務與理論研究』,第4卷,第4期,65-81。
  5. 張景皓,2012。「免費App關鍵成功因素之研究」。碩士論文,淡江大學資訊管理學系。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳俞(2015)。台灣 APP 廠商廣告行為之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。 
  2. 陳澤寬(2016)。使用通訊軟體對個人工作績效的影響-以台北市北投和士林區派出所員警為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-75。 
  3. 房彥岑(2014)。行動即時通訊軟體持續使用意圖之研究-以LINE為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-63。
  4. 施鉅萬(2016)。使用層級分析法探討團購網站社群行銷關鍵成功因素之研究。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2016。1-161。
  5. 柯淑婷(2017)。以科技接受模式探討國中教師使用LINE進行親師溝通之研究─以台南市為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-84。
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