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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王小璘、何友鋒、黃晏淨、吳靜宜(2011),生態城市評估指標體系之研究--  以臺中市例,建築學報,第75期,頁115-134。
  2. 邱祈榮、林俊成(2012),森林價值知多少─自然資本與生態系統服務之簡介, 林業研究專訊,Vol.19,No.6,頁36-42。
  3. 許家偉(2011),建構永續性平衡計分卡之研究--以半導體產業為例,中山管  理評論,第19:3期,頁709-741。
  4. 羅時麒(2005),以系統性機率模式鑑定量化與整合生命週期評估之不確定性,  國立臺灣大學環境工程研究所博士論文。
  5. Abdullah, M.M., & Omar, S.A.(1997)Impact assessment of improper effluent control system:a Delphi study, Ecological Impact Assessment.
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