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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李文昭、劉正字 (1995a) 農林廢料製造木材膠合劑之研究 (Ⅰ): 樹皮、稻殼及蔗渣之化學組成分分析。林產工業 14:102-119。
  2. 李文昭、劉正字 (1995b) 農林廢料製造木材膠合劑之研究 (Ⅱ):不同抽出方法之抽出效能比較。林產工業 14:81-100。
  3. 李文昭、劉正字 (1996a) 農林廢料製造木材膠合劑之研究 (Ⅲ):抽出成分添加對閒苯二酚膠合劑性質之影響。林產工業 15:109-127。
  4. 李文昭、劉正字 (1996b) 農林廢料製造木材膠合劑之研究 (Ⅳ): 酚-相思樹樹皮抽出物-甲醛共聚合膠合劑之應用。林產工業 15:251-270。
  5. 李文昭、劉正字 (1996c) 農林廢料製造木材膠合劑之研究 (Ⅴ): 酚-相思樹樹皮萃取物-甲醛共聚合。林產工業 15:627-639。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何尚哲(2010)。穗花蛇菰雄花抽出物抗氧化及抗發炎成分之分離與鑑定。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2010。1-75。 
  2. 楊鎮瑋(2007)。臺灣產忍冬屬植物生物活性探索。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2007。1-101。 
  3. 鄭曉嵐(2007)。臺灣產石楠屬植物分類及生物活性之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2007。1-144。 
  4. 程思親(2013)。臺灣扁柏葉子熱水抽出物之抗氧化活性及延緩老化效應。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2013。1-110。 
  5. 卓慧中(2012)。參與相思樹黃酮醇生合成之酵素基因選殖與特性分析。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-89。 
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