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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 司法院大法官釋字第293號解釋
  2. 司法院大法官釋字第372號解釋
  3. 司法院大法官釋字第399號解釋
  4. 司法院大法官釋字第443號解釋
  5. 司法院大法官釋字第509號解釋
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭忻忻(2014)。行動應用程式的個人資料保護── 公開透明原則的強化與本國實證研究。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-133。 
  2. 林慧君(2010)。證人於刑事程序上之地位-以偵訊中錄音錄影規定為中心。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-226。
  3. 林占山(2011)。政府機關提高隱私保護信任機制之研究-以金融監理為例。政治大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。
  4. 范紀能(2011)。錄影監視器設置運用與隱私權保障衝突之研究-以臺北市錄影監視系統設置為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-117。
  5. 林佳毅(2014)。個人資料保護法資訊運用限制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-190。
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