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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Seaton A, Donaldson K. Nanoscience, nanotoxicology, and the need to think small. Lancet. 2005;365:923-4.
  2. [2] Maynard AD, Aitken RJ, Butz T, et al. Safe handling of nanotechnology. Nature. 2006;444:267-9.
  3. [3] Maynard AD. Nanotechnology: the next big thing, or much ado about nothing? Ann Occup Hyg. 2007;51:1-12.
  4. [4] NIOSH. About Nanotechnology: Background. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 2006.
  5. [5] Gordon T, Chen LC, Fine JM, et al. Pulmonary effects of inhaled zinc oxide in human subjects, guinea pigs, rats, and rabbits. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1992;53:503-9.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴本航(2011)。iTRAQ差異蛋白質體分析於癌幹細胞與奈米氧化鋅暴露大鼠之生物標記研究。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2011。1-96。 
  2. 張紘綸(2015)。奈米氧化鋅微粒呼吸暴露對小鼠肺部過敏性氣道發炎反應之探討。國立臺灣大學職業醫學與工業衛生研究所學位論文。2015。1-72。 
  3. 楊正宇(2010)。蛋白質體分析暴露於奈米氧化鋅之大鼠生物標記之研究。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2010。1-107。
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