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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李超運、劉瑋婷。1996。米飯的營養與煮飯的技巧。花蓮區農業專訊18:18-19。
    2. 許愛娜,宋勳。1988。稻米物理化學性質與食味間相關關係之探討(第一報)。台中區農業改良場研究彙報18:31-39。
    3. AOAC. 1980. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th ed., Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington D.C.
    4. Approved methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists, 10th Ed. 2003.Methods 32-07(Dietary fiber) and 44-40 (moisture). The Association: St. Paul, MN, AACC International.
    5. Azhakanandam, K.; Power, J. B.; Lowe, K. C. Qualitative assessment of aromatic Indica rice Oryza sativa L. Proteins, lipids, and starch in grain from somatic embryo- and seed-derived plants. J. Plant Phys. 2000, 156, 783-789.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭光哲(2016)。預煮處理對稻米理化特性與消化性之影響。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2016。1-85。 
    2. 林奕廷(2014)。油脂對米飯理化特性及澱粉消化性之影響。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2014。1-84。 
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