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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫有鎰,1999,〈影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制:以臺北市和臺東縣做比較〉,《台灣師大教育研究集刊》43:213-242。
  2. 巫麗雪,2015,〈揠苗助長:父母期望與參與對子女教育藍圖的影響〉,《社會與區域發展學報》即將刊登。
  3. 紀慧英,2001,〈山地國小數學教室裡的民族誌研究〉,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系博士論文。
  4. 吳慧瑛,2007,〈家庭背景與教育成就:五個出生世代的比較分析〉,《人口學刊》34:109-143。
  5. 陳俊瑋、黃毅志,2011,〈重探學科補習的階層化與效益:Wisconsin模型的延伸〉,《教育研究集刊》57(1):101-135。
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