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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張春興:教育心理學。台北:東華書局,1996;
  2. 張春興:張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華書局,1979。
  3. 侯崇文:家庭結構、家庭關係與青少年偏差行為探討。應用心理研究2001;1:25-43。
  4. 張如杏、胡幼慧:青少年心理衛生與社會心理因素之探討—北市高職五專生憂鬱症狀、自殺意念與自殺企圖之研究。中華醫務社會工作學刊1993;3:77-92。
  5. 林文瑛、王震武:中國父母的教養觀:嚴教觀或打罵觀。本土心理學研究1995;3:2-92。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王毓吟(2007)。國中生知覺父母、教師管教方式與其憂鬱情緒 之相關研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-164。 
  2. 古乃先(2008)。從個人、家庭與學校面向探討國中生的霸凌行為。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。
  3. 林慶福(2012)。毒品犯、暴力犯及竊盜犯智力與情緒商數之比較研究-以法務部矯正署嘉義監獄為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2012。1-186。
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