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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明珂(1997)。《華夏邊緣:歷史記憶與族群認同》。臺北:允晨出版社。
  2. 王鈺婷(2008)。《藍綠版圖之空間分布與變遷: 第三屆至第七屆立委選舉結果之探討》。國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  3. 王鈞正(2010)。《宗族與當代地方社會-以湖口陳四源為例》。國立交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化碩士在職專班。
  4. 吳重禮、崔曉倩(2010)。<檳族群、賦權與選舉評價:2004年與2008年總統選舉省籍差異的實證分析>。《臺灣民主季刊》7(4):137-182。
  5. 林佳龍(1989)。<威權侍從政體下的臺灣反對運動-民進黨社會基礎的政治解釋>。《臺灣社會研究季刊》2(1):117-143。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇郁涵(2016)。探索「柯文哲現象」-2014年臺北市長選舉空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-72。 
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