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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Abdou, O. A.(1996). “Managing Construction Risks.” Journal of Architectural Engineering, ASCE, 2(1), 3-10.
  2. 3.T.C. Berends (2000).”Cost plus incentive fee contracting _ experiences and structuring”, International Journal of Project Management 18,P.165~171.
  3. 4.The Bussiness Roundtable(1982).”Contractual Arrangements,”A Construction Industry Cost Effectiveness Project Report, New York,PP7-24.
  4. 1.邱闖(2002)。國際工程合同原理與實務。中國建築工業出版社。
  5. 2.李得璋(1995)。營建工程契約風險分擔之研究(I),行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告,計畫編號:NSC84-2211-E011-006,頁23。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許進乾(2015)。成本加成契約執行成功關鍵因素之研究-以私部門工程專案為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-114。 
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